Terrestrial Plants

This list includes updates as ratified at the May 17, 2018 MISC Meeting.

 

Scientific Name

Common Name

2

Acer platanoides

Norway maple

2, 3

Ailanthus altissima

Tree of heaven

 

Akebia quinata

Chocolate vine

 

Albizia julibrissin

Mimosa

2

Alliaria petiolata

Garlic mustard

1, 3

Allium vineale

Wild garlic

2, 3

Ampelopsis brevipedunculata

Porcelain berry

 

Aralia elata

Japanese angelica tree

2, 3

Artemisia vulgaris

Mugwort

 

Arthraxon hispidus

Small carpetgrass

 

Arum italicum

Italian arum

 

Bambusa vulgaris

Common bamboo

2

Berberis thunbergii

Japanese barberry

 

Broussonetia papyrifera

Paper-mulberry

2

Cardamine impatiens

Narrowleaf bittercress

1, 2, 3

Carduus acanthoides

Plumeless thistle

1, 2, 3

Carduus nutans

Musk thistle

 

Cayratia japonica

Bushkiller

2

Celastrus orbiculatus

Oriental bittersweet

2

Centaurea stoebe ssp. micranthos

Spotted knapweed

1, 2, 3

Cirsium arvense

Canada thistle

1, 2, 3

Cirsium vulgare

Bull thistle

 

Conium maculatum

Poison hemlock

 

Corydalis incisa

Incised fumewort

 

Cytisus scoparius

Scotch broom

 2

 Elaeagnus umbellata

Autumn olive

 

Euonymus alatus

Winged burning Bush

 2

Euonymus fortunei

Winter creeper

 2,3

Fallopia japonica

Japanese knotweed

 

Geranium lucidum

Shining geranium

2

Hedera helix

English ivy

2

Hemerocallis fulva

Daylily

1,4

Heracleum mantegazzianum

Giant hogweed

2

Humulus scandens (Humulus japonicus)

Japanese hops

1,2,3

Imperata cylindrica

Cogongrass

 

Kalopanax septemlobus

Castor aralia

 

Lespedeza cuneata

Sericea lespedeza

 

Ligustrum lucidum

Glossy privet

 

Ligustrum obtusifolium

Border privet

 

Ligustrum spp.

Privet

2

Lonicera japonica

Japanese honeysuckle

 2

 Lonicera maackii

Amur honeysuckle

2

Lonicera morrowi

Morrow’s honeysuckle

2

* Lonicera standishii

Standish’s honeysuckle

2

Lonicera tatarica

Tatarian honeysuckle

1,2

Lythrum salicaria

Purple loosestrife

2

Microstegium vimineum

Japanese stiltgrass

2

Miscanthus sinensis

Chinese silvergrass

2

Morus alba

White mulberry

 

Nandina domestica

Sacred bamboo

2

Murdannia keisak

Marsh dayflower

2

Oplismenus undulatifolius

Wavyleaf basketgrass

2

Paulownia tomentosa

Princesstree, paulownia

2,3

Perilla frutescens

Perilla

2

Persicaria perfoliata

Mile-a-minute

2

Phalaris arundinacea

Reed canarygrass

 

Phellodendron amurense

Amur corktree

1,2,3

Phragmites australis ssp. australis

European common reed

 

Phyllostachys aurea

Golden bamboo

 

Phyllostachys aureosulcata

Yellow groove bamboo

 

Phyllostachys bambusoides

Japanese timber bamboo

2

Phyllostachys spp.

Running bamboos

 

Poncirus trifoliata

Trifoliate orange

 

Prunus avium

Sweet cherry

 

Prunus cerasus

Sour cherry

 

Prunus mahaleb

Mahaleb cherry

 

Prunus tomentosa

Nanking cherry

 

Pseudosasa japonica

Arrow bamboo

2,3

Pueraria montana var. lobata

Kudzu

2,3

Pyrus calleryana

Callery/Bradford Pear

 

Ranunculus ficaria (Ficaria verna)

Lesser celandine, fig buttercup

2,3

* Rhamnus cathartica

Common buckthorn

 

Rhamnus frangula (Frangula alnus)

Glossy buckthorn

2

Rhodotypos scandens

Jetbead

2,3

Rosa multiflora

Multiflora rose

1,2,3,4

Rottboellia cochinchinensis

Itchgrass

 

Rubus phoenicolasius

Wine raspberry

2

Schoenoplectus mucronatus

Bog bulrush

1,3

Sorghum bicolor

Shattercane

1,2,3

Sorghum halepense

Johnsongrass

2,3,4

* Tribulus terrestris

Puncturevine

 

Tripidium ravennae (aka Erianthus ravennae, Ripidium ravennae, Saccharum ravennae)

Ravennagrass

 

Viburnum dilatatum

Linden viburnum

 

Viburnum plicatum (Viburnum plicatum var. tomentosum)

Japanese snowball

 

Viburnum sieboldii

Siebold’s arrowwood

 

Viburnum spp.

Viburnum (exotics)

 

Vincetoxicum nigrum

Black dog-strangling vine, black swallowwort

 

Vincetoxicum rossicum

Dog-strangling vine, European swallowwort

 

Wisteria floribunda

Japanese wisteria

 

Wisteria sinensis

Chinese wisteria

 

Wisteria x formosa

Hybrid wisteria

 

* Red Alert species: Species not yet established in Maryland but considered to be of high risk.

  1. Currently Regulated by state and/or federal law
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  2. Widely recognized by biologists and natural resource managers to degrade natural resources and/or negatively impact native species
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  3. Known to have a negative economic impact on agricultural or natural resources
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  4. Known or potential negative impacts on human (or animal) health