Vertebrates

This list includes updates as ratified at the March 15, 2018 and May 17, 2018 MISC Meetings.

Key CodeScientific NameCommon Name
2, 3Branta canadensisCanada Goose (non-migratory)
Carassius auratusGoldfish
1, 2, 3, 4Channa argusNorthern Snakehead
Channa maculataBlotched Snakehead
Channa spp.Asian Snakeheads
Clarias batrachusWalking catfish
* 1, 2, 3* Ctenopharyngodon idella Grass Carp
2, 3Cygnus olorMute Swan
Cyprinella lutrensis (Notropis lutrensis)Red shiner
Etheostoma caeruleumRainbow darter
Etheostoma zonaleBanded darter
2Gambusia affinisEastern Mosquitofish (non-tidal)
Gymnocephalus cernuusEurasian ruffe
Hypophthalmichthys molitrixSilver carp
Hypophthalmichthys nobilisBighead carp
Ictalurus furcatusBlue catfish
Misgurnus anguillicaudatusOriental weatherfish
Monopterus albusAsian swamp eel
Myiopsitta monachusQuaker parakeet
Mylopharyngodon piceusBlack carp
1, 2, 3Myocastor coypusNutria
Neogobius melanostomusRound goby
Notropis volucellusMimic shiner
Passer domesticusHouse sparrow
Pimephales promelasFathead minnow
Pterois spp.Lionfish
Pylodictis olivarisFlathead catfish
2, 4Rattus norvegicusNorway Rat
Scardinius erythrophthalmusRudd
Sturnus vulgarisEuropean starling
Sus scrofaWild pig
Vandellia cirrhosaVampire fish
Xenopus laevisAfrican clawed frog

Key:

* Red Alert species: Species not yet established in Maryland but considered to be of high risk.

  1. Currently Regulated by state and/or federal law
  2. Widely recognized by biologists and natural resource managers to degrade natural resources and/or negatively impact native species
  3. Known to have a negative economic impact on agricultural or natural resources
  4. Known or potential negative impacts on human (or animal) health